bronze metallurgy

metallurgyAny artistic work that is crafted from the ores of the earth including gold, meta;, bronze, or silver can be defined as metal art. It is very common to see metal arts made from different metal alloys such as aluminum. Metal art can purely be used as decorative or for functional purposes.

For instance, in the early Bronze Age, bowls and cups were hammered from metal to accomplish both decorative and functional purposes. Although any surviving relic from ancient Bronze Age can be considered as art work today, metal has significantly become more and more useful in nature and most of the metal sculptures we see today demonstrate that more clearly.

Metal art can be traced back as far as archeologists can trace. It could be even as far back as 7000 B.C. Hammered metal can be seen in the Iron Age, bronze, gold, silver, copper, and led artifacts that could be found in ancient sites. In ancient Egypt, the more advanced Egyptians knew artistic ways of making fine decorative metal objects from gold, bronze and other metals. Some of the ancient treasures that survived in the pyramids of Egypt are different metal artwork including funeral masks, fine jewelry, metal statues, and gold coins and up to date, they are still displayed in Cairo.

In Greece and Rome, there were magnificent statues made from bronze and some were unfortunately used as torture devices. Some furniture as well as household utensils were made from metallic substances. Substances like toilet fittings were made from alloys of copper and iron.

Fortunately for us, certain metals handle the test of time very well and have maintained their original brilliance for hundreds of thousands of years. As metal work evolved and began to center t more on design and decorative nature, metal artists began to make statues, necklaces, bracelets and other forms of bronze and gold décor after discovery from ancient civilization. Today, every piece of metal art we see is inspired from the ancient period. We can therefore say that the discovery of metal art in the olden days plays a big role in our lives today.


polymer clay artMaking clay art jewelry is an ancient practice that was done before the discovery of metal. For many artists who wish to make jewelry from clay but have been facing difficulties, don’t worry anymore. Here is a simple guide on making clay art jewelry.

Selecting Your Clay

Before starting your work on clay jewelry, you need to know what type of clay you may need for your work and is mostly based on what you will use to fire your clay. Different clays fire at different temperatures and also have different uses. It is therefore essential that you determine the type of clay you would wish to use on your jewelry. There is a book known as the Metal clay magic by Nana V. Mizushima that can help you determine the clay type that will fit your jewelry needs.

Firing Your Clay

Depending on the type of clay and heat required to fire the clay, you have a good number of options to use when firing your clay and these including using a torch, kiln, or a hot pot. Some clay will require that you fire it in a kiln because it has to be fired up to temperatures of 1600 degrees in order for the clay to turn to metal. For other clay types that do not require high temperatures to fire, you can use a torch or a hot pot. Once your clay is fired, the next step is shaping your clay to jewelry.

Cutting Your Metal Clay

Once you have fired your clay, you will need a cutter to cut your metal clay into shape. You can use an exacto knife to cut your clay into shape. There are other dental tools in the market that can be useful for this process.polymer clay molds

Smoothing Your Metal Clay

Smoothing is essential for making the edges of your metal clay smooth and a smoother is an essential tool for this purpose. You can use the end of a paint brush to smooth your metal clay. Other tools for smoothing are available in the ceramic stores.

Once you have smothered your metal clay, you can pour little water on it to hold the pieces of clay together. Once dry, you can now paint your jewelry as you desire and it will be ready for use.


canvases The Starry Night, Almond  Blossoms , of Vincent van Gogh, Forest by Paul Cezanne, The Old Guitarist by Pablo Picasso, Battle of Grunwald by Jan Matejko , which is now displayed in the National museum of Warsaw, The well known Mona Lisa by Leonardo de Vinci in 1503. And so much more oil canvass paintings that are made absolutely amazing a very inspiring creation.

During the past century instead of wood that they usually used for painting they substitute canvas as a new perfect material for painting. The venetians are the one who introduces canvas, they realize that they can make up larger mediums using it than wood panels which are more expensive. It has double purpose it is not as costly and it can last long for its does not deteriorate not as wood that decay are eating it as days pass by. It was then spread the used of canvas at the rest of the country like in European country and in Spain.

Why canvas? Aside the word Canvas is derived from the Latin word cannabis. It is made up linen and cotton, long time ago it is made of hemp, from its physical qualities that is very light that is beneficial for easy transport. It can be deform easily and easy drying is observe and absorbing fast .They main reason for using canvas instead of other material is to maintain the object the painting to preserve it for a long time that even the next generation can still  appreciate and remember the painters who does the paintings.

Canvas has a big advantage in the world of paintings. For it becomes the solution for their problem in terms of easily spoiled paintings. One painting that survives from 14th century with the use of canvas is “The Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli. That is in the art of museum located at the historic centre in Italy. Las Meninas By Diego Velasques on the 16th century.

TheCanvas has been spreading all throughout and most of our artist definitely choosing it as their medium. Many Artist combined thoroughly materials into their artwork. From the art of drawing in walls that you have found in the caves just like in the movies it actually exist in the real life.  14 and 16 BC the renaissance era was been using woods and stones as their canvas for making up paintings. Then comes the hemp then linen and cotton canvas arises.

What are the things they used in canvass for paintings, Artist used several kinds  of paints in their masterpiece. Like they usually used oil paints .Its colour substance imparted and occurring in an oil. This consist the ability and has a capacity to dry as fast and through oxidation. Linseed oil is a kind of oil that usually used, there is also the safflower the poppy seed or thaw walnut oil which can be used.  On the preservation part oil paintings usually change in color because of exposure to lights. oil painting landscape

Example of Oil canvass paints is Boy with Pipe one of Picassos greatest 20th century oil painting.  The Zoological garden (1912) by August Macke the most talented German Expressionist. Acrylic Paint a cost effective paints that artist used.  Andy Warhol  is the great user of acrylic paint example of this paint is Marilyn Diptych. Then the Watercolor paint, imparted with water solution. It gives a final touch. The famous Lascaux cave in France. Artist Albrecht  Durer one of the watercolour painter he painted  Hare in 15th century.  The Goucache paint and ink paintings.


kids paint and brushChildren who perform artistic activities from early childhood obtain various physical and emotional benefits.

Encouraging art in childhood does not mean creating painters or dancers, but giving strategies that shape human beings with more capacity to develop socially. “That is, to observe the world in a different way that will allow him to propose and generate certain resources, to make his sensitivity evident. Having the ability to deal with a series of circumstances that sometimes dehumanize us “, says Felipe Sepulveda, artist, and pedagogue of the educational centers AeioTu, of the Carulla Foundation. It also ensures that dialogue, practicality, and respect for the environment are encouraged.

Good parenting does not only mean imposing norms and discipline but providing tools for a healthy emotional and physical development, since from 0 to 5 years old the neural tissue of the little ones is being formed and “using art it is empowered and generated stronger networks in the brain, “explains Sepulveda.

But, in addition to stimulating their intellectual capacities, art is a form of communication between parents and children. Lina Maria Idarraga, the school pedagogue specialist in performing crafts for children, says that through painting, drawings, play with plasticine or even dancing, parents can know what worries their children, because “many are They complain that in preschool they do not speak to them and they respond to everything in monosyllables. Then they are left without knowing how it was at school or what they ate at lunch. “But if they enter into a game of interaction, trust, and fun, they will realize, through those expressions, what they want to find out about their children.

Monica Pacheco, artistic director of the Ballarte Ballet School, assures that the practice of any art increases the capacity to express oneself, compared to the little ones who limit themselves to school work. For example, a child can begin to put their thoughts on paper and then verbalize them; that is, share it with your environment.

Even, it increases their self-esteem and confidence. “When the children leave the School you notice a change in their personality, because of the sense that gives them standing on a stage.” 

Learning tool

Art is a relevant strategy for education in all areas. In early childhood, creative, reflective and critical thinking is fostered. It is a learning tool that stimulates the ability to create and innovate. 

water color brush Bruno Lazzaro, a presenter of the Artzooka program, of Discovery Kids, assures that art stimulates all the senses. “It makes you think with each part of the body, because, for example, if you have to make a paint wheel, you can try with the feet; Also, you are stimulating the vision. If you make a mask with leftovers from breakfast, then you also use smell. “

 Art can be done in a thousand ways; each child interprets it in their way. “It is trying to have goals and achieve them that they understand that it is good to try. A little one can paint a doll with up to 20 eyes if you like. “

The benefits are not only in this area. They also favor physical development. Sepulveda explains that children recognize their body through art, thanks to strategies such as art therapy.

With this method, consciously or unconsciously, they express their likes, discomforts, feelings, and frustrations. The technique is used by therapists to work in the inner world of young children.

“Research shows that 70 percent of children who do physical activities are more receptive in the cognitive area because they develop other areas of the brain compared to sedentary children,” explains Monica Pacheco. Also, balance is activated, more cardiovascular and respiratory work is done, and your motor skills are increased.